All POLS 130 - Comparative

View:
Candidate selection and informal soft quotas for women: gender imbalance in political recruitment in Zambia
Candidate selection and informal soft quotas for women: gender imbalance in political recruitment in Zambia

What does it take for a female aspirant to win a party nomination in a candidate-centered electoral system in an emerging democracy? Three decades after the third wave of democratization hit Africa, we still know little about women’s entry int [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11109-021-09683-0
Type: Journal Articles
Equal playing field? On the intersection between gender and being young in the Swedish Parliament
Equal playing field? On the intersection between gender and being young in the Swedish Parliament

Women and young constitute two underrepresented groups in most legislatures worldwide. The aim of this paper is to theorize and empirically analyze how the hitherto overlooked intersection between gender and young age condition legislators’ op [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/21565503.2018.1564055
Type: Journal Articles
The speaker’s gender equality group in the Swedish parliament – a toothless tiger?
The speaker’s gender equality group in the Swedish parliament – a toothless tiger?

A recent wave of research has engaged with gender-focused bodies within parliament studying their status, organization, and function. One type of body scarcely studied is issue-based parliamentary groups such as the Speaker’s Gender Equality G [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/21565503.2020.1752442
Type: Journal Articles
Measuring gender differences in elite behavior through surveys versus observation: what does the comparison reveal?
Measuring gender differences in elite behavior through surveys versus observation: what does the comparison reveal?

Surveys constitute the main method of studying elite behavior. A concern with survey data is that they reflect what elites report they do – not what elites actually do. Alternative, process-oriented approaches such as direct observation can he [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/21565503.2021.1877751
Type: Journal Articles
Learning gender equality: how women’s protest influences youth gender attitudes
Learning gender equality: how women’s protest influences youth gender attitudes

Current comparative analyses of gender attitudes among adolescents largely focus on individual-level characteristics. Understudied is the role of women’s protest on adolescents’ gender attitudes. This paper investigates how women’s protests re [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/21565503.2021.1926296
Type: Journal Articles
Social representations of COVID-19 skeptics: denigration, demonization, and disenfranchisement
Social representations of COVID-19 skeptics: denigration, demonization, and disenfranchisement

Denialism accompanies many global threats, such as climate change, HIV/AIDS, and now also SARS CoV-2 and COVID-19. We analyzed a corpus of 624 English-language news items to examine emerging social representations of people who question the ex [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/21565503.2022.2041443
Type: Journal Articles
Backlash against “identity politics”: far right success and mainstream party attention to identity groups
Backlash against “identity politics”: far right success and mainstream party attention to identity groups

Far right parties often attack efforts to promote equality for historically marginalized groups like women, ethnic minorities, and LGBTQIA+ people, suggesting that “identity politics” takes away valuable resources from native working class pop [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/21565503.2022.2065318
Type: Journal Articles
Gender differences in campaigning under alternative voting systems: analysis of election manifestos
Gender differences in campaigning under alternative voting systems: analysis of election manifestos

Growing evidence reveals that candidate issue engagement differs between men and women. However, recent research suggests that individual-level differences among candidates should be small under the strategic incentives inherent in single-memb [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/21565503.2022.2087192
Type: Journal Articles
Beyond Borders
Beyond Borders

States have long denied basic rights to non-citizens within their borders, and international law imposes only limited duties on states with respect to those fleeing persecution. But even the limited rights previously enjoyed by non-citizens ar [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108914994
Type: Books
Ethnic Bias in Judicial Decision Making: Evidence from Criminal Appeals in Kenya
Ethnic Bias in Judicial Decision Making: Evidence from Criminal Appeals in Kenya

Abstract Understanding sources of judicial bias is essential for establishing due process. To date, theories of judicial decision making are rooted in ranked societies with majority–minority group cleavages, leaving unanswered which groups are [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S000305542100143X
Type: Journal Articles
Education or Indoctrination? The Violent Origins of Public School Systems in an Era of State-Building
Education or Indoctrination? The Violent Origins of Public School Systems in an Era of State-Building

Abstract Why do modern states regulate and provide mass education? This article proposes a theory of education as a state-building tool that is deployed when mass violence threatens the state’s viability. Experiencing mass violence can heighte [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003055422000247
Type: Journal Articles
Race, class, or both? Responses to candidate characteristics in Canada, the UK, and the US
Race, class, or both? Responses to candidate characteristics in Canada, the UK, and the US

Abstract: Research suggests that voters use identity markers to infer information about candidates for office. Yet politicians have various markers that often point in conflicting directions, and it is unclear how citizens respond to competing [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/21565503.2019.1636833
Type: Journal Articles
Behavioral Consequences of Open Candidate Recruitment
Behavioral Consequences of Open Candidate Recruitment

Abstract: Candidate-selection methods (CSM) crucially affect the behavior of Members of Parliament (MPs). Extant research investigates the consequentiality of the selectorate, but is neglecting the candidacy dimension of CSM. But what are the [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/lsq.12283
Type: Journal Articles
Coalition Prospects and Policy Change: An Application to the Environment
Coalition Prospects and Policy Change: An Application to the Environment

Abstract: In most developed democracies, parties adjust their positions to polls and public opinion. Yet, in a coalition government, the policy that emerges is often the outcome of negotiations between governing parties. We argue that the cred [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/lsq.12273
Type: Journal Articles
Disputed Policy Change: The Role of Events, Policy Learning, and Negotiated Agreements
Disputed Policy Change: The Role of Events, Policy Learning, and Negotiated Agreements

Abstract: This paper explores policy change in Swedish coastal and marine conservation, identifying advocacy coalition factors—focusing internal and external events, policy learning, and negotiated agreements—that explain divergent outcome [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/psj.12411
Type: Journal Articles
Political Dynasties in the UK House of Commons: The Null Effect of Narrow Electoral Selection
Political Dynasties in the UK House of Commons: The Null Effect of Narrow Electoral Selection

Abstract: Does power persist within families? This article considers whether members of the UK House of Commons with longer legislative careers after 1832 were more likely to establish a political dynasty. Tenure can create opportunities to pr [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/lsq.12164
Type: Journal Articles
Toward a Comparative Measure of Climate Policy Output
Toward a Comparative Measure of Climate Policy Output

Abstract: Comparative policy studies face a number of methodological challenges where conceptualization of the object of comparison—policy output—is the most fundamental. On the basis of three common approaches of the study of policy outpu [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/psj.12095
Type: Journal Articles
(Under What Conditions) Do Politicians Reward Their Supporters? Evidence from Kenya’s Constituencies Development Fund
(Under What Conditions) Do Politicians Reward Their Supporters? Evidence from Kenya’s Constituencies Development Fund

Abstract: We leverage innovative spatial modeling techniques and data on the precise geo-locations of more than 32,000 Constituency Development Fund (CDF) projects in Kenya to test whether Members of Parliament (MPs) reward their supporters. W [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003055418000709
Type: Journal Articles
Does Exposure to the Refugee Crisis Make Natives More Hostile?
Does Exposure to the Refugee Crisis Make Natives More Hostile?

Abstract: Although Europe has experienced unprecedented numbers of refugee arrivals in recent years, there exists almost no causal evidence regarding the impact of the refugee crisis on natives’ attitudes, policy preferences, and political eng [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003055418000813
Type: Journal Articles
Drugs Politics: Managing Disorder in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Drugs Politics: Managing Disorder in the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Abstract: Iran has one of the world's highest rates of drug addiction: estimated to be between 2 and 7 percent of the entire population. This makes the questions that this book asks all the more salient: what is the place of illegal substances [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108567084
Type: Books
Fundraising for Stigmatized Groups: A Text Message Donation Experiment
Fundraising for Stigmatized Groups: A Text Message Donation Experiment

Abstract: As government welfare programming contracts and NGOs increasingly assume core aid functions, they must address a long-standing challenge—that people in need often belong to stigmatized groups. To study other-regarding behavior, we fi [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003055420000787
Type: Journal Articles
Oral Democracy: Deliberation in Indian Village Assemblies
Oral Democracy: Deliberation in Indian Village Assemblies

Abstract: Oral Democracy studies citizens' voices in civic and political deliberations in India's gram sabhas (village assemblies), the largest deliberative institution in human history. It analyses nearly three hundred transcripts of gram sab [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781139095716
Type: Books
Paths towards Coalition Defection: Democracies and Withdrawal from the Iraq War
Paths towards Coalition Defection: Democracies and Withdrawal from the Iraq War

Abstract: Despite widespread public opposition to the Iraq War, numerous democracies joined the US-led multinational force. However, while some stayed until the end of coalition operations, and several increased their deployments over time, ot [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/eis.2019.10
Type: Journal Articles
The Non-Democratic Roots of Mass Education: Evidence from 200 Years
The Non-Democratic Roots of Mass Education: Evidence from 200 Years

Abstract: Because primary education is often conceptualized as a pro-poor redistributive policy, a common argument is that democratization increases its provision. But primary education can also serve the goals of autocrats, including redistri [...]

License: CC BY-NC-ND
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003055420000647
Type: Journal Articles